how many names are on the vietnam memorial

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There was no need to embellish. These files are lists of the names on the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, listed in chronological order of the casualty date and then alphabetical by last name within a given date. Inscribed on the black granite walls are the names of more than 58,000 men and women who gave their lives or remain missing. Vietnam Veterans Memorial How many names are on the wall? They were struggling through or dropping out of high school, or if a high school graduate, had tested poorly for college entrance. Since then, 379 names have been added, for a total of 58,318 (as of Memorial Day 2017). Registry entries include a panel number and row number that correspond to its location in the memorial (see graphic above). Of all enlisted men who died in Vietnam, blacks made up 14.1 percent of the total. Army and Marine officer casualties were also quite young. If officers are added, then almost 70 percent of those who died were volunteers. There were 667; How many Andersons?, 178; Garcias?, 102; Murphys?, 82; Jenkins?, 66; One wants to know more about these Americans. The resulting aptitude scores were used to classify entrants into four categories and this would, for the most part, determine their subsequent assignments. Many high-ranking military men (including General William C. Westmoreland, the U.S. commander in Vietnam) opposed the program, feeling that the effectiveness of some units would be reduced and that fellow soldiers would sometimes be put in greater jeopardy by these less mentally capable personnel. The young enlisted volunteer or draftee had not had much time to form any complicated theories about our Vietnam commitment. This uneven impact was caused by a number of factors: (1) While the South was home to some 53 percent of all blacks in the 1970 census, almost 60 percent of black casualties came from the South; (2) Although we cannot be as precise, we do know that a considerable majority of Hispanic-American casualties came from the West, (California, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado) and the South (Texas); (3) Better employment opportunities in the Northeast reduced the number of volunteers; (4) Greater college matriculation in the Northeast increased the number of status deferments for the region’s 17- to 24- year olds; (5) More anti-war sentiment in the media and on college campuses in the Northeast. The Air Force lost the highest percentage of officers. These were Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban and other Latino-Americans with ancestries based in Central and South America. You can scroll down to see the names of casualties listed under their official city. And they often show a heartbreakingly wry sense of humor with the same sensibilities as their college-bound peers. This, they felt, would offer these men the opportunity to get remedial training in the service and then be able to compete successfully when they returned to civilian life. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a 2-acre (8,000 m ) U.S. national memorial in Washington, D.C. The Channeling Memo of July 1965, instructed all local draft boards to give status deferments to college undergraduate and post-graduate students. Officers of all services, by tradition largely Protestant, remained so during the Vietnam war, sustaining casualties in comparison with Catholics by a 5 to 2 ratio. The names of Army Master Sergeant Chester Ovnand and Major Dale Buis are inscribed on Panel 1E of the Vietnam War Memorial Wall. There were 57,939 names original names etched into the Vietnam Veterans Memorial wall. 20024. There are over 58,000 names of men and women who died in action in Vietnam etched deeply into the dark, polished, mirror-like surface of that monument that is simply known as “The Wall” to Vietnam veterans. Although valuable, this study was almost certainly misinterpreted by its authors when they said that their data showed that most privileged and influential segments of American society were not insulated from the perils of Vietnam conflict. It is forgotten now, but in the beginning Congress and most of the American people were behind our containment effort in Vietnam. Congress and the Johnson administration, therefore, sought to protect our college-bound and educated young men. The memorial is maintained by the U.S. National Park Service, and receives around 3 million visitors each year. Mayor of Berlin and Chancellor of West Germany. OR To shorten the name list, enter 2 or more letters of any part of a name in the box below. With the end of the Cold War, many now believe that at its outset the Vietnam War was a quite honorable extension of our ultimately successful policy of Communist containment; that our effort in Vietnam became flawed because of political and strategic failures having nothing to do with those who died there; and that these young Americans were asked by three presidents and six Congresses to give up their lives so that freedom would have a better chance in the world. They came largely from California and Texas, with lesser numbers from Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Florida, New York and a few from many other states across the country. They drew on every segment of American society. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall lists the names of those killed and missing in action in chronological order according to the date of casualty. The memorial, located near the western end of the Mall, is a black granite V-shaped wall inscribed with the names of the approximately 58,000 men and women who were killed or missing in action. The Navy fatalities were 2,556 or 2 percent. Many of the surviving parents are now deceased. The names are arranged first by date, and then alphabetically. The chevron shape of the memorial lines up in a way that one arm points to the Washington Monument and the other to the Lincoln Memorial, with names rising up around you as you walk through. Of the 7,262 blacks who died, 6,955, or 96 percent, were Army and Marine enlisted men. The makeup of U.S. combat forces in Vietnam has long been the subject of controversy among social scientists. They refer to older or younger siblings who are either in or on their way to college. The officer corps’ casualties alone would satisfy that judgment, but that is not the same as being representative. Nevertheless, 336,111 men were phased into the service under this plan (mostly the Army) and 2,072 were killed. Of 2,590 total Air Force casualties, 1,674 or 65 percent were officers. As a result, it was mainly the families of Navy and Air Force pilots and crewmen who suffered the great agony of the POW (prisoner of war) and MIA (missing in action) experience that came out of the Vietnam War. In 2004, the total is 58,241 names. The officer corps has always drawn heavily on English/Scottish/Welsh, German, Irish and Scandinavian-American ancestries from middle-class white collar homes, with other large percentages from ambitious working class blue collar and, of course, career military families. The figures show that on average 65 percent of white enlisted men and 60 percent of black enlisted men were high school graduates. The Army lost the greatest number of officers – 4,635 or 59 percent of all officer casualties. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. Coast Guard casualties are included in the Navy totals. No other American war has presented such a young profile in combat. Black leaders, including Martin Luther King Jr., protested, and President Johnson ordered black participation in combat units cut back. Quite a different profile emerges among the Navy and Air force officer corps. An estimated 11,000 women served in Vietnam. A reader sent to TWS Fact Check this Memorial Day weekend an internet meme claiming that of the more than 58,000 fallen service members commemorated on … As Maya Ling Lin, the architect of the Wall, has said: It was as if the black-brown earth were polished and made into an interface between the sunny world and the quiet dark world beyond that we cannot enter. They were at their peak physically. Less than 1 percent (0.8) were Jewish, Hindu, Thai, Buddhist or Muslim combined, and 5.7 listed no religion. The Armed Forces Qualification Test (AFQT) was given to all entering enlisted men. The burden of combat fell on the very available non-college-bound young. The popularity of the GI Bill after Vietnam emphasized this yearning. During the Vietnam War, the Navy and Air Force became substantially white enclaves – enlisted and officer casualties were 96 percent white. For blacks, however, only 7 percent placed in categories I and II and 93 percent placed in categories III and IV. Only 5 to 10 percent of enlisted men in the combat units were estimated to have had some college, and less than 1 percent of these enlisted men were college graduates. There is some truth to this, but it is instructive to look at what the DOD database reveals in terms of race, ethnicity, national origin, religious preference and casualties by U.S. geographic areas. NAVY AND AIR FORCE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. On November 13 th, 1982 thousands of Vietnam Veterans participated in a march that ended at the memorial. Only the Navy, with 50 percent of its enlisted casualties over 21, and the Air Force, with 75 percent over 21, showed an older, more experienced age demographic. The Vietnam War was no different. From 1964 to 1973, 2,100,000 men and women served in Vietnam, but this was only 8 percent of the 26,000,000 Americans who were eligible for military service. The names of those who gave their lives and of those who remain missing are inscribed in the order they were taken from us. While the collection is not open to the public, Items Left at The Wall is a virtual collection of nearly 500 items left at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial that can be seen at www.vvmf.org/items. Most of the young American enlisted men who served in Vietnam were not college prospects at the time they entered the service. These officer casualties came more from the South and West regions, 4.1 deaths per 100,000, in contrast to 3.5 from the Northeast and Midwest regions. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial stands as a symbol of America’s honor and recognition of the men and women who served and sacrificed their lives in the Vietnam War. Vietnam War casualties from Massachusetts Click or Tap on name to find a personal memorial page of a casualty from this state. True enough, but many of the surviving Vietnam casualty families would reply that the ultimate unfairness is death at an early age, in a land far from home, for reasons not clearly defined. Memorial pages honoring Vietnam War casualties, listed by their last names. (Surprisingly, as it turned out, the percentage of Vietnam veterans who applied for the GI Bill was higher than either World War II or Korea. They did not, in most cases, carry the burdens of wife or children. Their sacrifices were honored July 8, 2009, in Washington during a ceremony commemorating the 50th anniversary of their deaths. The panels are filled like pages of a journal listing the men and women's names as they fell. This amounted to 4.1 percent of all enlisted casualties in Vietnam. If you do not know some of the information or want to see all the listing for a county, city, or last name, leave the other fields blank. The slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall. The essence of the Wall is the names and the reaction of the visitor to … Electronic registries available online or accessible by park staff in the information kiosk at the memorial allow users to search by several data including first name, last name, branch of service, rank, date of birth, date of casualty, state and/or city where they enlisted. The DOD database shows that of the 2,100,000 men and women who served in Vietnam, 58,152 were killed. When the Wall was dedicated in 1982, there were 57,939 names inscribed. The Air Force lost 2,580 or l percent. If you require assistance, contact a park ranger or volunteer at the memorial. By and large, with the exception of the officer corps, most of the college bound and educated skipped the Vietnam War at the urging of, and with the approval of, their own government. Those two men have the distinction of being the first two names on The Wall, officially the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. All classes were drafted or volunteered and all served and died equally, although it must be noted that most blacks died separately. All of the names were read out loud this year for the fifth time. Panel numbers are engraved in the memorial at the bottom of each panel. Lower end category IVs consisting of those who scored below 20 on the AFQT were usually rejected for service. Who were they? The feeling is that the poor, the undereducated and the minorities made up the vast majority of the combat arms during that war. Willy Brandt, German political leader. Steven Spielberg, film director (E.T., Jurassic Park, and Schindler's List). Sad to say, many of these recruitment promises were fudged in one way or another, and many of these young men found themselves shipped directly to Vietnam after basic training. To learn about us and how you can help maintain this site. He accepted the tradition of military service passed on to him by the popular culture and by President John F. Kennedy’s ringing words, Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and success of liberty. As a region, the South experienced the greatest numbers of dead, nearly 34 percent of the total, or 31.0 deaths per 100,000 of population. THE FIRST KNOWN CASUALTY Richard B. Fitzgibbon, of North Weymouth, Mass. It is not surprising, for instance, that West Virginia, Montana, and Oklahoma had a casualty rate almost twice that of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. Katie Holmes, actress (Dawson's Creek TV series, Batman Begins). As of Memorial Day 2017, there were 58,318 names, including eight women. As we have pointed out earlier, more than 80 percent of our casualties were Army and Marine enlisted men with an average age of 19- to 20-years. The DOD database listed precise religious preferences for the 58,152 Vietnam casualties. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated on November 10, 1982, with 57,939 names. But after World War II a kind of educational apartheid had settled over the United States. Brad Pitt, actor (12 Monkeys, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button). They often reveal a typically warm American family atmosphere. Where previously a high school diploma had been an acceptable goal, now it was college and all the benefits it would bring. Perhaps more important, many of them probably did not yet fully understand their own mortality and were therefore less likely to be hesitant in combat. The Marine Corps losses were skewed even more to the lower ranks, 91 percent were privates or corporals. This was a reflection of the role of warrant officers as helicopter pilots (of the 1,277 warrant officer casualties, 95 percent were Army helicopter pilots), and of the young lieutenants and captains as combat platoon leaders or company commanders. In many of these families it was considered unpatriotic and indeed reprehensible to avoid active duty by requesting a status deferment or seeking out a draft counselor for advice on how to avoid the draft. is listed by the U.S. Department of Defense as having a casualty date of June 8, 1956. Items are gathered by park staff. With the addition of six names added in 2010 the total is now 58,272 names listed on the Memorial. AGE 17 TO 21 PREFERRED ARMY AND MARINE COMBAT MATERIAL. Indeed, officer casualties of all branches were overwhelmingly white. As part of the wall’s 30th anniversary … A new Department of Defense (DOD) database computer tape released through the National Archives allows researchers to take a much closer look at our 58,152 Vietnam casualties. The major service academies and other military colleges provided close to 900 of the Vietnam officer casualties: the U.S. Military Academy, 278; the U.S. Air Force Academy, 205; the U.S. Printed registries available at the memorial are organized alphabetically by last name. The 58,152 names of those who died in Vietnam are etched onto the two rising black marble slabs of the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. If the demographic is expanded to 17- to 21- years, then we find there were 83 percent of Marine enlisted casualties, and 65 percent of Army enlisted casualties. All were nurses, all were single and all but one were in their 20s. A Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) study released in 1992, found that our Vietnam casualties were only marginally greater from the economically lowest 50 percent of our communities (31 deaths per 100,000 of population), when compared with the economically highest 50 percent (26 deaths per 100,000 population). But given the draft policies, the hard-sell recruitment, the severe escalation from month to month and the refusal by President Lyndon Johnson to call up the older reserves and National Guard, it could not have been otherwise. It forces us to the conclusion that many of those names on the wall were kids who just couldn’t quite get it together in high school, a little late in maturing intellectually, and didn’t have the resources or the guile to get out of the way when the war came. The article was originally published in the June 1993 issue of Vietnam Magazine and updated in November 2004. A correspondingly greater tradition of military service in the other regions had its effect on U.S. regional casualties. Upon reaching the farthest east end of the memorial at panel 70E, the pattern continues from the far west end of the memorial at panel 70W, continuing back to the center at panel 1W. Many others joined the reserves or National Guard, which were not mobilized in any appreciable numbers during the war. The draftee, if found physically and mentally fit, would be inducted for a period of two years, to be followed by another two year period in the active reserves and a subsequent two years in the inactive reserves. The remaining 70 percent of our Vietnam enlisted casualties were of English/Scottish/Welsh, German, Irish and Scandinavian-American ancestries, more from the South and Midwest than the other regions, many from small towns with a family military tradition. Since then, 379 names have been added, for a total of 58,318 (as of Memorial Day 2017). Just as the Vietnam War had divided the country, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial garnered many outspoken opinions of both praise and antipathy. See the following photos and learn about the Vietnam Memorial. ), EDUCATIONAL LEVELS OF ENLISTED CASUALTIES. The names are listed in chronological order by date of their casualty and begin and end at the origin point, or center, of the memorial where the two walls meet. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated on November 10, 1982, with 57,939 names. Each row contains five names (six where a name has been added since the wall was originally installed). The shining surface is intended to reflect the sun, the ground and those who stand before it. Of the 8000 Coast guardsmen who served in Vietnam, 3 officers and 4 enlisted men were killed and 59 were wounded. The slabs meet at a vertex of 125 degrees, 10 feet above ground level to form the Wall. These alphabetical indexes are for your convenience but do not represent the order of names on the Wall. And, as in every American war, it is the very young who are the most willing to volunteer. The wall construction generally follows the techniques that John Devitt used in building the Moving Wall™. Approximately 1200 of these are listed as missing (MIA's, POW's, and others). John Kennedy, discussing military assignments, said that, life is unfair. The Wall USA is a non-profit endeavor maintained by veterans of the 4th Battalion 9th Infantry Regiment for the benefit of all. Additionally, many of the names on the wall were other teenagers from the suburban white collar communities with siblings who were in, or would go on to college, but who, as individuals themselves, were slow to mature, struggled through high school and were therefore very available for the Vietnam War. It should be emphasized that 55 percent of all Navy and Air Force officer casualties came as a result of reconnaissance and bombing sorties into North Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Cambodia. Through the AFQT process, the men scoring in the higher categories were more likely to be channeled into further specialized training and eventually assigned to technical and administrative units. The names are arranged in the order in which they were taken from us by date and within each date the names … Ninety-one percent of these Army officers were warrant officers, second lieutenants, first lieutenants or captains. Why Names Are Added To The Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall Heartbreak Hope In To Add 74 Names Vietnam Frequently Asked Ions Vietnam Veterans Memorial U S Vietnam War Veterans Kids Say Agent Orange Impact A Of being the first KNOWN casualty Richard B. 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